The webinar started with Frances M. Harding, Director of the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention, providing an overview of key prevention concepts. She began with discussing risk & protective factors, how they contribute to substance use, and how communities can use them to identify prevention activities.
To be most effective in preventing youth substance use, multiple prevention activities must be implemented in a community. Activities conducted during student transitions -- between elementary and middle school, between middle and high school, and between high school and college or work -- are especially important.
Prevention activities are important in all domains: individual, family, school, community, and society.
- enforcement of laws meant to reduce access to alcohol and other drugs among youth;
- minimum legal drinking age of 21;
- increase in price/taxes;
- reduce access to legal drugs by limiting retail outlet density, enacting tight regulations, and monitoring the implementation of drug-related policies;
- advertising restrictions.