Tuesday, July 31, 2012

Addiction medicine doctors oppose state marijuana initiatives

Yesterday, the American Society for Addiction Medicine, the country's foremost association of physicians who diagnose and treat substance abuse addiction, released a statement opposing all of the state ballots that propose to legalize marijuana.

From their statement:

ASAM asserts that the significant public health problems and costs related to marijuana legalization are not well-understood by the public or policymakers. ASAM's conclusion that marijuana legalization would threaten public health is based on the following:

· Marijuana use is neither safe nor harmless. Marijuana contains psychoactive cannabinoids which can produce a sense of discomfort and even paranoid thoughts in some users. Cannabinoids interact with brain circuits in comparable ways to opioids, cocaine and other addictive drugs. Marijuana use is associated with damage to specific organs and tissues and impairments to behavioral and brain functioning.

· Of greatest concern is marijuana use during adolescence—a time of ongoing brain development and heightened vulnerability to addiction. Research shows that heavy marijuana use decreases neurocognitive performance, with worse neurocognitive effects seen among those who begin marijuana use early.

· Marijuana is addictive. Repeated marijuana use is reinforcing because the drug increases activation of reward circuitry in the brain. Approximately 9% of people who try marijuana become dependent. For those who begin using the drug in their teens, approximately 17% become dependent. These figures are similar to alcohol dependence.

· Legalization would promote the public perception that marijuana is harmless at the same time that availability of the drug would grow exponentially. The rate of marijuana use and marijuana-related substance use disorders, including addiction, would increase.

· Increased marijuana addiction would heighten demand for substance use disorder treatment services, which already are inadequate for current needs.

· Marijuana use is associated with increased rates, and worsening symptoms, of psychosis. Increased marijuana use caused by legalization and increased access to high-potency marijuana could result in rising rates of psychotic illnesses.

· Marijuana-related crashes are major traffic safety threats; marijuana use doubles the risk of a crash. Research inWashington State showed that 12% of drivers killed in car crashes were positive for marijuana. Legalization would increase drugged driving.

Marijuana legalization will increase its availability to young people, who are the most at risk from this drug. Research shows that marijuana leads to a host of significant health, social, learning and behavioral problems in young users.

Friday, July 6, 2012

Short YouTube videos for parents a great resource for promoting healthy youth development

Over on the Prevention WINS Facebook page, I've been posting videos from the YouTube DrugFree Channel.  The videos are for parents who want to learn how to prevent substance abuse among their teenage children.  Each video is less than two minutes long.

Here is one about setting standards and creating a supportive family environment:

These videos are a great resource for organizations that support healthy youth development.  The videos are short and easy to share on Facebook pages, blogs, and websites.

Monday, July 2, 2012

Congratulations RADD!

Raiders Against Destructive Decisions (RADD), the student substance abuse prevention club at Nathan Hale High School, was recognized as one of the top teams presenting their year-long projects during this year's Washington Prevention Spring Youth Forum.  According to an article in the summer edition of the FOCUS newsletter, RADD ". . . also fought marijuana use in their school by publicizing the effects of marijuana through a town hall meeting, an emphasis week and a carnival."  Many of the prevention clubs, including the grand prize winners from Seattle's Asian Counseling and Referral Services, focused on the problem of marijuana use among teenagers.

RADD, and other youth substance abuse prevention clubs, play an important role in communities working to support healthy choices among teenagers.  Congratulations to RADD for their outstanding prevention work during the 2011-12 school year!